DAW ( Digital Audio Workstation) is a name for software which you use for your audio recordings and mixes, and it’s one of primary things that you need to have if you’re planning to do this business. Well there are a couple things which I want to clarify for you, so you could understand them when they show in your DAW.
Reffering to recording audio, you should be familiar with a couple terms.
First one is Sample Rate. The Sample Rate refers to the number of times per second that audio is sampled. This actually relates to the frequency range that can be captured by your computer. Some of the most common sample rates are 44.1 kHz, 48 kHz, 88.2 kHz and 96 kHz. You can find those in probably every DAW. In some DAWs there are offered sample rates as high as 192kHz or even higher.
For our mixes which end up on CDs, 44.1 kHz is great. People mostly record on 44.1 kHz, and that sample rate covers sufficient frequency range, even beyond the human hearing limit.
The advantage of recording at this sample rate is that you don’t need to do a SRC (sample rate conversion) later when you are ready to transfer your mix on a CD. Another advantage is that this sample rate needs less CPU power of your computer cause a much less data is moving through your computer system at a given time, compared to 88.2 kHz.
Further on, it’s important to understand the term called Bit Depth. Bith depth is the amount of information contained in each of the samples of your audio. Two common bith depths are 16 bit and 24 bit.
Your music always needs to get exported in 16 bit depth if you’re planning to put it on a CD, because 16 bit is the bit depth of the CDs. But still, while mixing, I recommend you to use 24 bit depth in order to get the most information while doing processing on your signal. When exporting your mix, simply convert those 24 bits to 16 bits and everything will be okay.
And one last thing is File Format. There are all kinds of different file formats, but probably the most common to use is .wav. And this one is great for recording because it provides compability between the most of audio softwares. A lot of DAWs can read this one.
When talking about exporting, there are two probably most common file formats. I already mentioned one. 16 bit depth .wav is the first one, and the second on is 320kbps MP3.
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